29 April 2021
IBM has announced that it has created the world's first 2-nanometer chip technology. It is said to be helpful for the whole semiconductor industry as the tech will power a wide range of devices including smartphones, autonomous vehicles, and laptops among others. In other words, any gadget that relies on a chipset for performance should be able to make use of this new tech.
The new 2nm chip tech is claimed to deliver up to 45% faster performance and up to 75% better battery efficiency as compared to most 7nm chips. It will allow a fingernail-sized chip to have up to 50 billion transistors fitted on it. This results in about 333 million transistors per square millimeter (MTr/mm2). This is significantly huge as TSMC's 5nm chips have about 173 MTr/mm2 and Samsung's 5nm chips have approximately 127 MTr/mm2.
IBM says that its 2nm chip technology can help smartphones achieve a battery life of up to four days. It can also be helpful in reducing the carbon footprint of data centers, increasing the speed of laptop performance, and helping with faster object detection and reaction times for autonomous vehicles.
While all of this does look very promising, it is important to note that IBM is still years away from mass-producing chips based on the 2nm process. It means there is still a good amount of time to go before you can expect to purchase any device that makes use of the newly announced technology. The officially expected timeline for mass production to begin is somewhere around 2024-end.